Avoid splitting infinitives
(e.g., to rapidly run) unless meaning will be distorted otherwise.
Possessive Nouns with Gerunds
Remember that a noun preceding a gerund is most
often in the possessive case.
John's leaving is unfortunate.
He objected to my asking a question.
The antecedent of a pronoun must be unambiguous.
Be careful not to write sentences like the one that follows,
in which it is not clear whether they refers to
dirt and blood or to glass vessels.
|Dirt and blood cannot penetrate glass vessels,
nor are they affected by heat.
The form of a pronoun depends on its
function within a sentence. Used as the subject of a verb,
a pronoun must be in the nominative case. As the object of
a verb or preposition, or as the subject of an infinitive,
a pronoun must be in the objective case.
The disagreement is between you and me. [Me is
the object of between.]
Bill gave the samples to John and me. [Me is
the object of to.]
Mary is the one whom I saw in the lab. [Whom is
the object of saw in the clause, I saw (whom).]
Mary is the one who we thought was in the lab. [Who is
the subject of was in the clause, (who)
was in the lab.]
Give it to whoever is the owner. [Whoever is
the subject of is in the clause whoever is the
Rearranging a sentence in your head can help you determine whether
a pronoun should be in the nominative or subjective case.